Friday, January 11, 2013

Views that can save your life

Regular visits to the doctor will increase the possibility of early detection of disease.  

 
Here are the six most respected diagnostic methods, combined with medical knowledge saved thousands of lives.


The importance of regular medical control should be emphasized. Also, it only makes sense that early detection of the disease can literally save lives. However, with long waiting lists in hospitals and the lack of time people visit doctors often leave "for tomorrow." But, unfortunately, "Tomorrow" is sometimes too late.

Regular visits to the doctor will increase the possibility of early detection of disease. Once a year it is advisable to perform a physical examination, after which the doctor can send you to some of the important tests. Although some patients try to avoid the search, it is important to understand how they can be helpful. Here are the six most respected diagnostic methods, combined with medical knowledge saved thousands of lives.

Some of the reviews are not pleasant, but they are required because they are extremely useful for many - a saving!

Ultrasound

Ultrasound produces images of internal organs by controlling sound waves into the body. Most often it is used to see how the baby develops during pregnancy.
Ultrasound is also useful for diagnosing problems with the kidneys, liver or heart. Some surgical procedures can also be performed accurately with ultrasound. Doctor operated device with a movable ball on the top that crosses over the body part to be examined. Review does not hurt and is not dangerous, and there are no consequences, and because of that done in the pregnancy, and helps in the early detection of many diseases.


X-ray


X-ray machine sends electromagnetic radiation through the body, which creates a picture of the inside of the body. Commonly used to detect problems with the lungs, jaws and teeth, and is also used to diagnose problems with bones, such as fractures. The procedure is completely painless and has no consequences.

High doses of radiation can cause cancer, but the x-ray the patient receives very small amounts of radiation and the risk of one or two hits is negligible, and grow only if the patient examination performed many times.

Radiation can harm the fetus and the X-ray avoided in pregnancy.

Mammograms

A special type of x-ray that uses only a small amount of radiation. It is used to detect tumors at an early stage in the chest.

Once you cross the 40th woman year, you should perform a mammogram once a year until age 70. The woman was taken off the waist and stand in front of camera. With the help of a technician at one breast is placed between two plates so that they are sufficiently laid to X-ray could take pictures of breast tissue.

For some women, this procedure uncomfortable but short-lived. Modern imaging devices emit extremely low levels of radiation, and the possibility that mammograms cause cancer is extremely low. The benefit is much greater in the detected cancer in relation to the amount of radiation and cancer risk.

Magnetic resonance imaging

Unlike plain radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging uses harmless magnetic and radio waves to create images of the interior of the body, which means that the patient is not exposed to radiation. Creates a clear picture of any part of the body, including the brain and spinal cord.

Good also for the detection of heart problems and kidney and liver examination.

Summary of itself is harmless, but as a patient must spend some time lying in a relatively narrow cylinder, some people get a panic attack because of claustrophobia.

Magnetic resonance imaging is the most popular way of painting the body it is safe and there are no consequences. Since in this survey does not use radiation, it can often be performed.

CT

CT (computed tomography) has been developed from the X-ray.

The patient is exposed to more radiation than standard X-rays. CT was designed to obtain images of the brain to detect tumors or other damage, and now is used for each body part.

CT is expensive, so it is used only when necessary.

Painless, but, just as with MRI, the patient lies on a bed that enters a cylindrical tube, and thus may result in a claustrophobic panic.

A recent study showed that more dangerous than previously thought, but is recommended only if there is reasonable cause, or if the benefit could be greater than the harm.

PET scan

This is the type of painting that image body parts and points out irregularities and problem areas. This review is very expensive.

It can be used to detect cancer and to determine the degree of cancer, especially lung, stomach and throat, and the brain.

In the body of the patient injects a very small amount of radioactive material that can expand and brighten areas of the body affected by cancer.

Review can take up to an hour and is painless. Moreover, it is not harmful because the amount of radiation is very small and disappears quickly from the body.

A few hours after the examination one should not come into contact with pregnant women or children.

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