Friday, January 11, 2013

Attention deficit disorder

ADHD - Attention


From hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder, known as ADHD (attention disorder with hyperactivity), suffers an average of at least one child in the class, and is manifested by impulsivity, restlessness, constant movement and storytelling, and an inability to concentrate and keep performing the task.


Hyperactivity disorder is real, not a developmental stage in a child's life, you will grow as a manifestation of the child is not "evil", or parental failure. Anyone else feeling the effects of a hyperactive child into adulthood by failing to concentrate on your work, not even stand still in one meeting.

As manifested by hyperactivity?

Hyperactivity occurs between the ages of three, four years, and is more common in boys, but before the fifth, the sixth year of life it is difficult to diagnose. It manifests itself in different ways, and some of the characteristics by which you can recognize the hyperactive child are as follows:
A child who suffers from hyperactivity disorder is constantly on the go and can not sit long in one place.
Not able to follow the parent or teacher's instructions, and answer the questions on the tasks before they heard the end, even for the mistakes of rashness, not ignorance, it does not give you enough time to think about the task.
There are difficulties with memory, passed from one task to another, without having previously completed, and sometimes do not even start the task, because it believes that it can not be done, but did not even try.
Often they do not understand simple words and sentences, and misinterpreted statements. No one remembers the statements made recently, but remember that imposed a long time ago.
Listen to the noisy children, many stories, often interrupting the conversation.
He tends to walk around the classroom while the other children sit still.
Awkwardly throwing objects, and often only to stumble and fall.
It is not known to be expressed, and there are difficulties with the writing exam.
Hyperactive child also frequently speaks and sings itself.

The problems that hyperactive children have

Children who suffer from hyperactivity disorder, often because they have problems at home. Even the most attentive parent to child in an effort to specify appropriate behavior, thus attempting to create some tension in the relationship with the child. Hyperactive child making noise, talking constantly, jumping around the house, destroying things, it bothers the other contestants, in addition, it is often needed less sleep than the other contestants, which shortens the time to sleep.
Spouses with a hyperactive child often have marital problems, which may be a result of the child's behavior. They feel unable to challenge the education of such children, which affects their self-esteem, and because of the amount of care they need for such a child, do not have enough time for yourself, why suffer. In families with more children, hyperactive child causes rivalry between brothers, and it often happens that there are more families in hyperactive children.

Hyperactive children have difficulty learning, they create additional problems, because their parents because punishing and friends make fun of them. They can not concentrate as long as their peers, and they are easily draws attention. Their handwriting is often illegible and themselves, because they are constantly in a hurry. Such a child with learning needs extra help, not because they are not intelligent, but because they tend to perceive things that are clear to their peers, and they should be encouraged to listen to. A child who is not receiving assistance in learning, and suffers peer teasing, will suffer from a lack of self-esteem.

Hyperactive children because of abuse by other children who are teased and ridiculed, and often have problems with making friends, but also because it holds the attention and hard play and hard to understand some of the rules of socialization. They do not want to be lonely and sad when they are isolated, but do not know where the mistakes in creating friendships, so it can not change. They can help, but they have to give precise instructions for the things that other children learn socialization, they do not pass spontaneously. The child must help teachers and parents, and not in a way to criticize, but only a positive approach.

Influence of diet on hyperactivity

Scientists in the seventies of the last century started with the assumption that research on hyperactivity affect food additives, primarily from the candy that kids often take inordinate amounts, but they are full of preservatives and additives for color and flavor. About 30-50% of children during the study stopped eating food additives which are added, the situation has improved hyperactivity.

It should be noted that sweeteners are not a product of modern society, because they are more ancient peoples such as the Egyptians and Chinese, šećerili fruits, and nuts are the power in the honey. After the seventies are still doing numerous studies on the connection between hyperactivity and additives. Attempted different methods to determine the extent of additives on children's hyperactivity, the monitoring of the overall diet to follow certain elements. From the addition or exclusion of food ingredients eaten, to monitor children who are allergic to certain foods.

In fact many hyperactive children are allergic to some food ingredients. The problem that arises is that children who are allergic often because they have some form of behavioral change, and believes that many a such children misdiagnosed hyperactivity disorder, which affected the results of which are given regularly throughout the year to different conclusions. Some scientists therefore argue that food additives derived from hyperactivity, while others claim that the impact of these artificial flavor enhancers weak or absent. When a certain number of children, however, a progress after they banned additives from the diet, but why it did not happen at all, scientists can not explain, and interpret the results in different ways, adding that more research was needed.

Tips for Parents and Teachers

Psychologists advise parents of hyperactive children to practice social behavior with children, showing them how they want the children behave. Such behavior should be practiced throughout the game, and when it adopts a child should be encouraged to start behaving that way when in the company of peers. A child may not be learning everything at once rather than one or maybe two things at once, such as. listening to the other person to finish and share their toys with others. When a child starts to act like it is mandatory behavior must be rewarded in order to encourage children to adopt new skills socialization, but the reward, it is better to invite a child to the side, because it might be embarrassing if it is rewarded in front of their peers. Rewards should also be changed, because if you take some time to reward the same way, the child would be bored.

The child should be encouraged and peers to call home, because it can facilitate the creation of friendships, but such an association should be organized planning going to the cinema, or to organize the children play at home. If the game gets out of control and the parent feels anxiety among children, stop and start the game with a calmer activity, or to offer kids meals.

In addressing the hyperactive child's parents to be clear and precise, so that it is properly understood by the child, and must be consistent with rewards and praise the child and praise him every time he behaves appropriately, even if the behavior was just good, not great . There should also be a time to avoid cramping child for bad behavior, but rather focus on the positive appraisals, that the child understands that it can change.

It is important to avoid aggressive behavior at home, but also to monitor what children watch on television. Parents should know who their children are hanging out, you should try to prevent it from hanging out with aggressive children, it would be a hyperactive child is enrolling in an extracurricular activity, such as scouts.

Success in school is a hyperactive child is as important as any other child, though it more difficult to achieve. The teacher should help hyperactive child organizing his teaching, and always making sure that the child has to write down the homework. It is recommended that a hyperactive child sitting in the front row, and that is to avoid sitting next to the door or the window, because the middle row easier to concentrate on the teachers and the less likely it is to him a little attention. Also, make sure that you have a hyperactive child less stuff on the bench.

The child should explain the rules of behavior in class, and it is advisable to write. When testing such a child should be taken into account that his attention easily wanders and he should post more probes. The child's positive behavior should be rewarded and negative warning, but not in an aggressive manner by shouting or derision. Should be distinguished from the inability of disobedience. The material should be divided into smaller units, and the child should be asked to repeat what to do to be satisfied that he has mastered the task. Teachers should prefer an oral examination before writing, and the hyperactive child should be given more time to respond than others. It should also allow him to walk out of class if his attention wanders, and provide additional activities, such as worries about deleting records, because the child can thus change the activity, and feel important. Cooperation should be encouraged in the classroom, and give an example of proper social behavior.

The best results are achieved through the cooperation of course parents and teachers. Regular communication helps to find the best way to solve the problem, and provides insight into your child's progress.


As distinguished from restless hyperactive children


Children who have problems with excessive and inappropriate activity, frivolous, unruly, aggressive, challenging behavior and often called hyperactive. But these children often lack consistency in child-rearing practices and clearly defined boundaries that can be corrected by education.

'If a child is much more active than other children his age, if he is unable to participate long enough in the game with other children, is forgetful, disorganized and losing things, it can not be sitting quietly rushes with the answers, although not called, paying much attention to events around more than what they should do and behave aggressively, it seems that is not listening, talking excessively, difficulty playing quietly, gives an answer before he heard the question, can not wait for their turn, frequently changing one uncompleted activity to another, can be is estimated to have ADHD (attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity by Eng. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with) or ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), ie. belongs to a group of children and adolescents with varying degrees of developmental disorders of which are prevalent hyperactivity, impulsivity and attention deficit disorder, "says defectologist Nelica Šimleša.

ADHD includes behavioral disorder dominated by inattention and / or hyperactivity, occur before the age of seven, and remains largely behavioral entire life to the differences in clinical presentation, depending on age.

Hyperactivity is caused by an excess of activities with more energy. But it's not just a phase that the child will outgrow the child nor a sign of naughtiness, it's a real biologically based disorder is more common in boys than in girls. The causes are varied, multiple, intertwined and often ill-defined and unknown.

'Hyperactive children are extremely demanding and challenging students. It is important to note that these children experience the world differently, not bad, and that the problems stem from their specific mode of functioning of the central nervous system, "warns Nelica Šimleša special education.

Eating disorders of this kind when there are more in the area.

Motor area - hard to sit still, fidgeting in, turn, teased, standing up here with

Area of ​​attention - attention is selective, which means that for every child equally important stimulus and does not know what order to establish the importance of the stimuli. This leads to increased motor restlessness, rapid fatigue and exhaustion. Parents with children soon noticed 'good and bad' days. On good days the child has a concentration of up to 20 minutes, and bad days for no longer than five minutes, the time that the concentration is better in the morning and decreases throughout the day.

Area of ​​perception - children show in visible noise and auditory perception - perception. A large percentage of children with disabilities in reading, writing and arithmetic are children with ADHD. Reduced the speed and neatness in writing dictation and transcription from the board. It is observed that the appearance of thought and static stiffness. General intelligence is much higher than it shows children's artwork, but the child is operating below their actual capabilities.

Emotional and social area - children are often unpredictable, alternating their good and bad days, parents react. Also characteristic is the presence of aggression, and for some children, and depression.

Area of ​​speech - to express a very short sentences or just one word or excessive talking.



Relationships with environment

"Children with this form of the disorder is much more difficult to cope with the environment and the people around them, and a reduced tolerance for frustration. Emotional connection to them superficial, even with parents. Do not show fear due to separation, easily acquired acquaintances, but they can not keep.

I can adapt to the group, have a need to dominate. They are aware of their inability to keep friends, try to change it, but do not know how ', warns defectologist Nelica Šimleša.

During the development of a large number of children with ADHD develop additional problems such as difficulties in relationships, low self-esteem, which is one of the important factors for success in later academic and social progress. Due to the inability to control impulses and a very low tolerance for frustration, children are often at odds with their surroundings and peers exclude them from their games. Therefore, most significantly associate with young children.

'The rise of frustration, their aggressiveness is increasing. Children who suffer from ADHD problems are noticed immediately after birth due to severe odgojivosti. These are often irritable children who have difficulty eating and sleeping, which often leads to a disturbed relationship mother - child. As a consequence to this, mothers are the feelings of insecurity and poor self-image, which are essential to ensure safe and proper development. "

A child with such low self-esteem and poor self-image comes to school and is facing new demands and expectations in which the failure to intensify the problems that some times just in the middle of the school year will be recognized in its true form, "says Nelica Šimleša and highlights: "Before the training needed to determine whether this is really a disorder ADHD due to the proper acceptance of such a child, an individualized approach, organizing classroom functioning, and especially since the beginning of training to establish relationships with their parents in the direction of mutual cooperation and support."


Parents and child with ADHD


Parents need to know that hyperactive children are less likely to receive a positive response from his brothers and sisters and must be more involved. If a child does not get positive attention, they will do their best to be noticed - their behavior will attract negative attention. The task of the parents to be good, watch, comment and reward the good and desirable behavior in this way to praise must follow a desired behavior. Praise be linked to any specific behavior, must be concrete and specific.

'Child smile and compliment her eyes, and the very words hug or kiss. Notice and praise your child every time the right behavior. Use praise whenever you see the behavior you want to encourage, and compliment her child in front of others. Behavior will become more frequent or more powerful if it leads to positive consequences, "advises defectologist Šimleša.

Individuals with this disorder can be very successful in life, but often without recognition and appropriate treatment of disorders, ADHD can have serious consequences, including school failure, depression, relationship problems, conduct disorder, and failure on the job. Early diagnosis and treatment are extremely important.

'The child was not intentionally such that it should not be compared with other children, but provide him with unconditional love, but with a reference to the wrongdoing and its consequences. Take advantage of the good qualities of the child such as openness, curiosity, creativity, imagination, high level of energy and motivation for the content that attracted them and where they are successful, "advises defectologist Šimleša.

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