The phobia is unreasoning fear of some external situation and its own internal state. People experiencing a phobic fear are aware of its unreality and illogical, but are unable to find adequate explanations for its occurrence.
One of the common forms of phobia is the fear of closed spaces, or claustrophobia. It can be manifest in mild forms, such as avoiding the elevator if they are small in height, but if the choice of lifts to climb to higher floors. In serious cases of claustrophobia to enter the elevator each time causing sweating, tremors, and even more difficult panic or fainting. So, talking about the phobia when the fear creates disturbances in behavior and prevents the performance of normal functions of life.
There are two basic approaches to the interpretation of phobias: behavioral and psychodynamic. Explain behavioral phobias learning process, ie. conditions and leaflets are behavioral therapy and desenzitivizacijom or "unlearning" of wrongly learned. Psychoanalysis is considered a form of neurosis and phobia therapy seeks to uncover the unconscious mechanisms of its development.
In the explanation of candidates who phobias, developed the terms "fobicki character" and "fobicka defense." The first term refers to the person who carefully avoid all situations that can potentially create a phobia.
For example. person who is afraid of open spaces (agoraphobia), endeavor to lead such a life that is protected from quitting the open space, therefore, life and going out with a reduced majority of time spent in your own apartment. A variation occurs fobickog characters and "kontrafobicki character", in which personality develops patterns of behavior that serve as a challenge phobias: eg. If a person is afraid of heights, it just chooses the high floors, hikers, often traveling by plane, which gives it a countervailing feeling of victory over fear. "Fobicka defense" refers to any procedures to avoid fobicke situation.Statistics says that phobias are more common in women, and that most people develop symptoms within 20-30 years of age.
In literature we found over a hundred different names of phobias, which correspond to different situations. The most common are the following: agoraphobia (fear of open spaces), aktrofobija (fear of heights and high places), aglofobija (fear of pain), astrafobija (fear of thunder and lightning), glasofobija (fear of speaking), zoofobija (fear of animals ), claustrophobia (fear of closed and restricted areas), mizofobija (fear of dirt and infection), nekrofobija (fear of illness in general), pekatofobija (fear of sin), sitofobija (fear of eating, eating), Thanatophobia (fear of death ), tafofobija (fear of not being buried alive), toksofobija (fear of poisoning), photophobia (fear of light), hemofobija (fear of blood) ... fobofobija (fear of fear).