Friday, July 27, 2012

Bruxism (teeth grinding)


Bruxism is clenching or teeth grinding sound, often unconsciously. Some people grind their teeth during sleep only, this phenomenon is called briksizam night. Others grind their teeth during the day. Very often during situations that make them tense or anxious people with severe bruxism can damage dental fillings or cause other types of tooth damage. Severe bruxism has been blamed for some cases of temporomandibular joint dysfunction, mysterious morning headaches and unexplained facial pain.


Bruxism can have a variety of psychological and physical causes. In many cases, is associated with stress.It may also be a reaction to anxiety or an irregular bite. Bruxism can sometimes occur as a complication of severe brain injury or a symptom of certain rare neuromuscular disease. Bruxism may be uncommon side effect of some types of antidepressant drugs.

Symptoms of bruxism include:



* Rhythmic contractions of the jaw muscles
* A grinding sound at night, which may disturb the sleep of someone who shares a room with one who grinds
* A dull morning headache
* Tight or painful jaw muscles, especially in the morning
* Chronic facial pain
* Damaged teeth, fillings and injured gums

Diagnosis

Your dentist will ask about your current problems, about your dental health and the medicines you use.Also will that you regularly drink beverages containing alcohol or caffeine, because it seems that both of these chemicals increase the tendency to grind your teeth. If you share your bedroom, the dentist will want to ask that person about your sleep habits, especially about any unusual grinding sounds heard during the night. Your dentist will examine you, paying special attention to your mouth and jaw. During this exam, your dentist will check for tenderness in the jaw muscles and any obvious dental abnormalities, such as. broken teeth, missing teeth or anxiety.

If your dentist suspects that you have bruxism, which is associated with dental problems, he can perform a detailed assessment of dental checking your bite, the dentist will examine your teeth and gums for damage caused by bruxism, also take a pair of X-rays.

If your child grinds his teeth or jaws grip, discuss the problem with your family dentist, but many children eventually outgrow bruxism, even short-term grinding of teeth can cause damage to your child's permanent teeth.

The duration of bruxism

Of all children who grind their teeth between 3 - 10, more than half will stop spontaneously by age 13.

In teenagers and adults, the duration of bruxism depends on its cause. Bruxism can last many years if a stressful life situation that does not go away. If bruxism caused by dental problems stop when the teeth are repaired and realigned.


Prevention

If your bruxism is a consequence of stress, you should seek professional help, using methods that will help you learn how to relax. Also, reduce your intake of stimulants such as tobacco and caffeine.

In both children and adults, tooth damage bruxism can be prevented by wearing protective film that is worn at night and prevent grinding of teeth.

Therapy

Treatment of bruxism depends on its cause:



* Stress - If the stress caused by bruxism, your dentist or your doctor may recommend professional counseling, psychotherapy or other ways to help you relax. Also you can rewrite the medication to relax the muscles that you would temporarily ease the spasm of the jaw clenched and overworked.
* Dental problems - If your bruxism is a consequence of problems with your teeth, your dentist will most likely treated with conservative therapy. In severe cases, the dentist should use onlays or crowns to entirely reshape the biting surfaces of teeth.
* Brain injury or neuro - muscular disease - you Bruxism can be very difficult to treat, if you have these medical problems. Your oral surgeon may give you injections of botulinum toxin therapy if the primary fails (today this form of therapy is represented in more developed countries).
* Medications - If you bruxism result of taking antidepressants doctor may prescribe a new drug or give you medicine that will prevent the consequences of that first drug.

When to seek professional help

Call your dentist or doctor if you notice symptoms of bruxism, or if you are told to grind their teeth.

Also Fix the dentist if you have broken a tooth, if you turned out to seal or notice that your teeth are very rasklaceni.

Forecast

Even without special treatment, more than half of children with bruxism stop grinding their teeth with up to 13 years. While your child is not by itself stop grinding their teeth, your dentist can give your child the protective foil to prevent possible damage to the teeth. This device is effective for most children, which is used as directed. In teenagers and adults, the outlook is excellent if bruxism is treated properly. Even if all other therapies fail, injections of botulinum toxin can temporarily stop the bruxism patients.

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