Celiac disease is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the body's intolerance to gluten - protein found in wheat, barley, rye and oats. The disease is most common in children under two years, in the first six months after the introduction of cereals in the diet.
The course and symptoms depend on the age of the child. In children younger than nine months of onset is abrupt, the child is lagging behind in growth, there are vomiting and diarrhea, a bloated tummy. In children aged between nine and 36 months, problems occur gradually, with symptoms that are not specific for celiac disease, which often delays the time to final diagnosis. A in children older than three years, the disease is invisible, unobtrusive child lags behind in growth, anemia is present, and even rickets.
How is it calculated?
Children with this intestinal disease exhibit a wide range of symptoms: 70 percent of them have diarrhea, which is manifested through the bright, abundant, numerous foamy smelly stools, often with visible fat balls. May occasionally occur prison (constipation) and stool was mostly pale in color. In addition to a lack of appetite in children are usually fortunate bulging stomach. In addition to vomiting and anemia, the disease is often accompanied by listlessness, lethargy, irritability ... Symptoms of malnutrition include loss of calcium, although changes in bone more frequently encountered in adults who were diagnosed with celiac disease. The number of children below the ideal body weight or showing signs of developmental delay. The limited utilization of nutrients ultimately affects the whole organism.
When it occurs?
The first symptoms of celiac disease can occur after the introduction of solid (nemlečne) baby food in the diet - foods that contain gluten. This usually happens by age six months or when baby doubles birth weight by birth. It usually occurs by the age. According to recent studies, first under one year should not be introduced into the diet foods that contain gluten (wheat, oats, barley and rye).
Serious medical conditions occur in patients with celiac disease due to lack of important vitamins.Vitamin A deficiency causes night blindness, affects the skin and leads to weight loss. Vitamin D deficiency interferes with the development of bone structure, with accompanying rickets. Lack of vitamin K reduces blood clotting, a lack of folic acid may contribute to anemia, which is very characteristic of celiac disease.
Is diet the only solution?
Celiac disease is defined from a medical point of view in all countries of the world as a lifelong disease. The only treatment is strict enforcement lifelong gluten-free diet. Nutrition rule must not contain any gluten molecule. This approach to treatment provides a healthy life and full recovery for 95 percent of patients.
Zabranjenahrana for people with celiac disease
Wheat, rye, barley, and all of their products and products containing these grains in the trail, wheat germ, bran, beer, black coffee, whiskey buying bread made of corn flour (always contain white flour), instant soups, prepared foods, sauces, instant Potatoes dried figs - a white powder on them is often a meal, meat products such as salami, sausages, hot dogs, pie - mostly contain flour.
Precautions in the kitchen
Select foods that you know they are gluten free. All the dishes you use, and which has been or could be in contact with foods that contain gluten, thoroughly wash. Wash the desktop where you can find traces of products that contain gluten. Do not use just any ingredient, dishes or utensils that may be contaminated with gluten.
Is gluten-free diet is harmful?
Gluten free diet is suitable for children and for pregnant women and diabetics. Only what is necessary to note is that, given the fact that you must not enter the wheat, barley, rye and oats, you must make up fiber intake. Make sure you eat enough so that fruits and vegetables every day. You should pay attention to it to get enough calcium and vitamins, especially vitamin B complex.