Thursday, May 10, 2012

Gluten-sensitive enteropathy (celiac disease)

What is malabsorption?
Malabsorption syndrome is insufficient absorption of simple nutrients (amino acids, fats, vitamins, or monosaccharides) in the intestine.
Malapsorption can cause many diseases.


What is celiac disease?
Celiac disease is an inherited disorder that causes a sensitivity to gluten, a wheat protein that is predominantly found in wheat, rye and to a lesser extent in barley and oats. It can not be digested, and damages the lining of the intestine prevents the digestion of other foods.

Description of disease
Long-term malabsorption of important nutrients leads to changes in the structure and function of the intestine.

Who gets?
Unique genetic marker is not known. You can get celiac disease if there is someone in your family. It can occur in childhood and adulthood. In women manifests earlier than men.

Symptoms
Celiac disease sometimes occurs in childhood, before the age of three. Children who suffer from celiac disease may feel restless and anxious, lose weight and generally lagging behind in physical development.They have abundant pale stools and unpleasant odors. It can occur and bloating. If the disease occurs in adulthood, can cause different symptoms, from diarrhea, stools with a special scent and gradual weight loss to fatigue. In women, it may disturb the menstrual cycle, ie. cessation of menstruation, and irregular menstruation.
If you think your child has ceased to gain weight or very little to gain weight take him to review the child's doctor. If an adult is constantly feel tired for no particular reason has frequent diarrhea stools and unusual looks (eg, if washed with a hard shell) then you must see a doctor.

What results can I do?
Your doctor may start with a blood test. You may need to give the chairs a few days because of lab tests.After the first search results the doctor will refer the patient for further processing.

Treatment
From eating gluten should be withdrawn. This means that we must avoid anything that contains wheat, including ordinary bread, pastry, cakes, pastries and some cereals. You must also avoid foods that contain rye, oats and barley. There are gluten-free products (flour, bread, pasta), are available. By the end of life must be bezglutenskoj diet. At first glance it may seem like a problem, but your doctor can refer you to a dietician who will give you good ideas and advice. You can buy separate cookbooks for gluten-free diet, as well as special brochures Association of people with celiac disease.
If malabsorption is caused by another disease (eg, fat malabsorption due to inflammation of the pancreas), ie. If it is not about celiac disease, it is necessary to treat the cause.

Forecast
Checking everything you eat to make sure that does not contain wheat will go into a habit. Even a small amount of gluten can damage the back symptoms and bowel and is therefore very important to strictly keep the child.
When you start a diet without gluten, the symptoms should disappear and you will have to visit a doctor just in case problems arise. Celiac disease is a serious disease, but by holding the child and respect your doctor's instructions, can be quite normal to live and work. If symptoms occur again, again you get diarrhea that lasted a week or two, or if you suddenly lose weight, see your doctor.

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