Thursday, May 10, 2012

First aid for head injuries and broken bones

If the head is injured on the scalp, where much of subcutaneous veins, performing heavy bleeding. Such bleeding is usually given to stop the ordinary compression bandage, but it is advisable to clean scissors, cut the hair around the wound, the hair does not stick to the wound and clean it.

Skull fracture and stamping parts broken bones in the brain can occur if the impact was strong. Such injuries are very serious, they can severely damage the brain and cause loss of mobility of individual body parts or other excesses. Embedded sections of bone can not remove those unfamiliar, but the patient must be referred immediately to the hospital.

Fracture is called the base of the skull fractured bone at the bottom of the brain, ie. deep in the skull. He knows the blue bruises blood, which after several hours the head in different places, depending on the place where broken base of the skull. If the fracture is created in front, the so-called. the front cavity of the skull,  be livid one or both eyes, ie. Upper and lower eyelid and the eye. If the base is cracked in the back hole, bruising and hematoma blood appears at the back behind one ear or both, if the base is cracked in the middle (central cavity), bruises appear on the hard and soft palate, we can see if open injured look in the newspaper.

Brain injury often occur without fracture of the skull. These are: concussion (and commotion) and stroke (or contusion) of the brain. Concussion caused by a strong blow. Injured in a moment faint, faint but quickly stops so no outage in the movement, speech, and mind hearing again be able to move. Can only stay for a short time headaches. Contusion of the brain comes to ease of hemorrhage and crushing surface of the brain at the impact site or on the opposite side of the skull. Fainting does not occur immediately, but progressive, after a half to 2 hours. It will not be as deep skull fracture or effusion of blood into the brain but can take several hours. Injured person should not move and do a few days. If you are injured immediately faint, fainting, and fast stops, but after a few hours back again, then we must assume that it was an earthquake and contusions of the brain simultaneously.

SUPPORT PERSON WHICH IS PART injured. Injured should be put to bed with raised headboard and put cold compresses on his head. If there is a wound, it should be, of course, the first bend, a lining placed so that it does not wet the bandage. In the event of loss of consciousness or vomiting (which is very common in all injuries of the skull), the injured should be put in the recovery position and take care not to overwhelm, and if you extend the fainting and disappears quickly (ie comatose state occurs), should translate it to the hospital.

BONE INJURY. In addition to injuries of the skull, occur from falls and injury of other parts of the skeleton. These are fractures of ribs, first principle of the collarbone, arms, legs, spine or pelvis. Certainly the most difficult and most dangerous injury of the spine because the spine runs the spinal cord, ie. bundle of nerves which connect the brain with the body, to many life-important organs. Interrupt the performance of the spinal cord paralysis of these organs, which will further the care of these people seem very great difficulty.

Fracture of pelvis is also dangerous because it occurs when internal bleeding or bowel injury, urinary tract or female genital organs. Fracture healing takes a long time and leaves permanent mobility problems.

Fracture femoral neck is the most common injury to the elderly, often fatal for their lives because of old age such a difficult fracture healing, many are permanently bedridden or remain permanently disabled, and frequently performs and death due to shock or prolonged decubitus.

HELP WITH BONE INJURY Nurses. Because it is completely immobile persons, should pay attention and start changing the position of the patient, maintaining his bodily cleanliness and hygiene. He needs help with urination and shitting and take care not to perform a pressure ulcer. 

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