Thursday, April 5, 2012

Depressive disorders


WHAT IS DEPRESSION? 

Anyone notice changes in their mood from day to day, or even from hour to hour. Each of us from time to time saying that it is "somewhat depressed", although it is clear that we should help each time to speak. So when depression is a problem that may need professional help? There is no clear boundary between everyday depression and what people are sometimes called 'clinical depression'. It's about intensity. When depression is severe, lasts longer and has more effects, then we begin to talk that it could be of clinical depression that needs help. People who have such a powerful form of depression usually have other symptoms besides the obvious feelings of depression.

COMMON SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION

The following list lists the common symptoms in people who are depressed. Not everyone has all the symptoms, and not everyone behave the same way.
• Depressed mood. He feels bad, sad, or just sit gloomy, dull and empty.

• Loss of interest, pleasure and motivation. Nothing seems fun, everything seems to be tiring. Life seems gray, boring and pointless.

• Self-criticism and guilt. You feel bad, useless, worthless and inadequate.

• Increased irritability and anger.

• Pessimism. In everything that happens can see the darkest interpretation. Thinking that nothing will come out well, everything is seen through the tinted glass.

• hopelessness. Thinking not only is all gloomy and absurd, but that will always remain so. It seems to be no sense or try to fix the situation in the future anyway because there is nothing but misery and loss.

• The feeling of fear, anxiety or tension, often without knowing the reason.

• Loss of energy. Feeling tired all the time.

• Reduced activity. In some cases it may reach a point where someone just lying in bed or sitting all day without movement.

• A feeling that is hard to be with people. Withdrawal from social activities.

• Or feel stressed incontinent, agitated, restless, or other extreme, it is a lot slower than usual.

• Difficulties with concentration, often to the extent that it is difficult to monitor and a TV program or conversation.

• Problems with memory. For example, forgetting where you put down something, or you can not remember someone's name. They are often present and specific changes in memory, as memory is much easier for all the bad that happened to you, but anything good.

• Changes in sleeping. The most common difficulty getting to sleep, restless sleep or waking up early in the morning and the inability to fall asleep again. Again, some sleep more than usual, perhaps as a way to escape from bad feelings.

• Changes in appetite and body weight. The most common loss of appetite and weight, but sometimes they can 'eat to calm down', resulting in re-gaining weight.

• Loss of interest in sex

• Thinking about death. This can vary from thinking that it would not be so bad to happen to die, to active planning suicide.
If you have frequent or serious thoughts of suicide, especially if you have already started planning how to really do this, then as soon as possible you need professional help. If you are not going mental health professional to whom you can say about these thoughts, seek help from your doctor.
Some people are sometimes afraid that each of these individual symptoms of depression problem. For example, if you notice problems with memory and concentration, you could worry about becoming senile. Or, you could lose interest in sex due to an issue in your relationship. It can be deceiving. Of great importance to recognize that everything stated is a list of common symptoms of a problem, or depression. If you are depressed, it is likely that you will have some of these symptoms - and how to come out of depression, it will disappear, and other symptoms.

WHAT ARE THE SUCCESSFUL METHODS OF TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION?

Today there are many treatments that can help people get depressed. Current research shows that antidepressants, and certain psychological treatments (cognitive-behavioral therapy) are effective treatments for depression. Treatment of depressive disorders are the subject of an outpatient or inpatient treatment with (especially if there is a risk of suicide!). Various treatments, or combination of treatments, may correspond to different people.


Biological treatments

These treatments must rewrite the doctor (usually your GP or psychiatrist).
• Medicines
Antidepressants can be very successful method of treatment for many people. There are several groups of drugs that can be used. All these drugs to correct changes in the chemical compounds in the brain that may be associated with depression. If you are not taking medication, and would think you could help, you should talk to your doctor, general practitioner, psychiatrist or other physician. Other experts such as psychologists or nurses do not prescribe medication.
• Treatment of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
This therapy is sometimes used for individuals with severe depression that is unresponsive to other treatment options. It is much less common than other types of therapy, and only be given only to patients being hospitalized.
• Deprivation of sleep
• Light therapy

Psychological treatments
• Cognitive behavioral therapy
It is based on the idea that part of what makes people depressed the way we watch the world around them. Thus, pessimism, hopelessness and self-criticism that characterizes not only side effects depression disorder. They are the key to what throws people into depression and keeps them in that state. The treatment is so concentrated on trying to identify and change the mode of thought ('cognitive factors') and behavior ('behavioral' factors) that make people depressed. The Center for Clinical Psychology apply cognitive-behavioral therapy.
• Other psychological treatments of depression
In the treatment of depression are still used and psychoanalytic therapy, interpersonal therapy Klermana and Weissman, group therapy and family therapy.

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