Tuesday, April 10, 2012

Care of people with Parkinson's disease


Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological condition in which there is a disturbance in walking, speaking and writing. It is named after Dr. James Parkinson (James), who first described it. 

The disease is the result of loss of nerve cells, and to work in the brain called the black masses (substantia nigra), where it produces dopamine, a substance important for coordination.

The disappearance of dopamine

When nearly 80 percent of the dopamine disappears, the symptoms of Parkinson's are visible and dopamine continues to decline slowly over the years. The cause of decline in dopamine levels is unknown, but researchers think they have an important role of genetic and environmental factors.

Parkinson's disease is present worldwide. Statistically, men suffer more frequently than women. The risk increases with age so that the symptoms often occur after the 50th age, but often the right diagnosis is established only after the 70th year. In some cases, the disease can occur before the 40th and then called juvenile Parkinson's disease.

Symptoms of Parkinson's disease and motor can be nemotorni. Characteristics of motor are:

First Tremor (shaking), which usually begins in one hand, the first symptom in 70 percent of patients.

Second Bradykinesia (slowed movements) - People with Parkinson's disease know that they are very difficult to start a movement or, to perform a certain movement, they need time.

Third Stiffness or rigidity of muscles - problems with getting up, for example, the chair or the inability to turn in bed.

Among nemotornim symptoms of stress is insomnia, constipation - constipation, urination problems, and depression.

It is necessary

People living with these patients, whether relatives or home care staff to provide necessary medical care, should pay attention to maintaining a healthy lifestyle for all - for patients and staff for home care.

It is recommended that the patient has a normal three or four small meals a day. Recommended for bread, rice, potatoes, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, meat, fish and beans.

Appropriate exercises are good for everyone, especially for people with Parkinson's disease. It is important to reduce the rigidity of muscles and joints, and exercise and relieve depression.

It is recommended to use a number of tools: small appliances for washing, showering, bathing, drinking, eating, or large, such as wheelchairs.

Fatigue and depression

A major problem in these patients are depression and social isolation. Their help in suppressing exercise and socializing, but if necessary, and medications, and antidepressants.

Fatigue is the enemy of both patients and carers of patients with Parkinson's. Basically, you should use every moment to rest and gather strength for the next day.

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